ADHD , Primary and secondary preventive interventions.

ADHD usually develops in children under 7 years of age and persists during the adolescence. It is treatable, but there is no 100% way to prevent this neurobehavioral disorder nowadays.

Psychostimulants and other types of drugs are powerless in preventing ADHD. However, the increase in probability that the child will have no ADHD is a real task that every parent can cope with.

Primary prevention of ADHD

You can reduce the risk of neurobehavioral disorder emergence even before birth. Such measures are taken during pregnancy or while trying to conceive.

Primary prevention activities focuses on controlling the environmental risk factors. Future mothers are recommended to:

  • Stop smoking, consuming coffee and alcohol-containing drinks.
  • Minimize the use of any drugs.
  • Avoid anything that might damage the fetus development and cause premature birth.

Prevention programs minimize the risks of ADHD and prevent the occurrence of many academic, emotional and social difficulties in children in the future. They will strengthen the mother’s health during pregnancy and are useful for all children, regardless of the disease risk status.

Secondary preventive interventions

After the birth, children must be protected from exposure to toxins and polluting substances, regardless of whether they have an increased risk for developing ADHD or not. These initiatives will not eradicate the neurodevelopmental disorders, but they can reduce the incidence rates.

Providing the child with a healthy balanced diet from an early age will help minimize unnecessary risks and is good for all children. During the diet to prevent ADHD, people should:

  • Avoid foods very high in fat and sugar.
  • Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
  • Consume a sufficient amount of proteins.

Simple carbohydrates (sugar) and fats can cause excess weight or obesity. Body dissatisfaction impairs self-esteem, causes emotional stress and can lead to the development of ADHD or its more severe form.

Proteins and amino acids are not only the building material for muscles and organs. Besides all the rest, they are the building blocks for emotional and mental well-being.

During the prophylaxis and treatment of ADHD, people are recommended to increase the intake of:

  • Calcium
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • B vitamins

Making up for the deficiency of these microelements will reduce the risks or diminish the intensity of:

  • Fidgeting
  • Irritability
  • Attention deficit
  • Hyperkinetic behavior
  • Anxious restlessness
  • Learning difficulties
  • Psychomotor instability

Secondary ADHD prevention programs lead to the elimination of the disease causes and a significant improvement in the wellbeing of children. It is, however, highly important not to go too far with the diets. For a child to grow and develop properly, he needs to consume a variety of macro and micronutrients, including those which may appear harmful, like fats.

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